What is dyslexia? Facts on dyslexia

What is dyslexia?

A good way to understand dyslexia is to establish what it is not. It’s not a sign of low intelligence or laziness. It’s also not due to poor vision. It’s a common condition that affects the way the brain processes written and spoken language. Guide to test for dyslexia

Dyslexia is primarily associated with trouble reading. Some doctors, specialists and educators may refer to it as a “reading disorder” or a “reading disability.” But it can also affect writing, spelling and even speaking.


People with dyslexia can still understand complex ideas. Sometimes they just need more time to work through the information. They may also need a different way to process the information, such as listening to an audiobook instead of reading it.

If your child has dyslexia, she won’t outgrow it. It’s a lifelong condition. But that doesn’t mean your child can’t be happy and successful.

There are many effective teaching strategies and tools that can help your child. In fact, many people with dyslexia have successful careers in business, science and the arts.

There’s a long list of famous people with dyslexia. This list includes director Steven Spielberg, investor Charles Schwab and actress Whoopi Goldberg. It also includes quarterback Tim Tebow, and author Dav Pilkey, who created the popular Captain Underpants books.

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People with dyslexia are often very creative. It’s unclear whether such creativity comes from thinking outside the box or from having a brain that’s “wired” a bit differently.

It’s important to keep in mind, however, that struggles with reading and other issues can lead to frustration and low self-esteem. The stress of dealing with schoolwork can make kids with dyslexia lose the motivation to keep trying.

There are lots of tools and strategies that can help. It might take some trial and error for you to figure out which work best for your child.

But finding the right strategies and seeing improvement can boost your child’s confidence.

Source: understood.org/en/learning-attention-issues/child-learning-disabilities/dyslexia/understanding-dyslexia

Dyslexia symptoms can be difficult to recognize before your child enters school, but some early clues may indicate a problem. Once your child reaches school age, your child’s teacher may be the first to notice a problem. The condition often becomes apparent as a child starts learning to read.

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Before school

Signs and symptoms that a young child may be at risk of dyslexia include:

•    Late talking
•    Learning new words slowly
•    Difficulty learning nursery rhymes
•    Difficulty playing rhyming games

School age

Once your child is in school, dyslexia signs and symptoms may become more apparent, including:

•    Reading well below the expected level for your child’s age
•    Problems processing and understanding what he or she hears
•    Difficulty comprehending rapid instructions
•    Problems remembering the sequence of things
•    Difficulty seeing (and occasionally hearing) similarities and differences in letters and words
•    Inability to sound out the pronunciation of an unfamiliar word
•    Difficulty spelling
•    Trouble learning a foreign language

Teens and adults

Dyslexia symptoms in teens and adults are similar to those in children. Though early intervention is beneficial for dyslexia treatment, it’s never too late to seek help. Some common dyslexia symptoms in teens and adults include:

•    Difficulty reading, including reading aloud
•    Trouble understanding jokes or expressions that have a meaning not easily understood from the specific words (idioms), such as “piece of cake” meaning “easy”
•    Difficulty with time management
•    Difficulty summarizing a story
•    Trouble learning a foreign language
•    Difficulty memorizing
•    Difficulty doing math problems

Source: mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dyslexia/basics/symptoms/con-20021904