Risk factors for type 1 diabetes
Although the exact cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown, factors that may signal an increased risk include:
• Family history.Your risk increases if a parent or sibling has type 1 diabetes.
• Environmental factors. Circumstances such as exposure to a viral illness likely play some role in type 1 diabetes.
• The presence of damaging immune system cells (autoantibodies). Sometimes family members of people with type 1 diabetes are tested for the presence of diabetes autoantibodies. If you have these autoantibodies, you have an increased risk of developing type 1 diabetes. But not everyone who has these autoantibodies develops diabetes.
• Dietary factors. These include low vitamin D consumption, early exposure to cow’s milk or cow’s milk formula, and exposure to cereals before 4 months of age. None of these factors has been shown to directly cause type 1 diabetes.
• Geography. Certain countries, such as Finland and Sweden, have higher rates of type 1 diabetes.
Risk factors for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes
Researchers don’t fully understand why some people develop prediabetes and type 2 diabetes and others don’t. But there are certain differences between type 1 and type 2 diabetes. It’s clear that certain factors increase the risk, however, including:
• Weight. The more fatty tissue you have, the more resistant your cells become to insulin.
• Inactivity. The less active you are, the greater your risk. Physical activity helps you control your weight, uses up glucose as energy and makes your cells more sensitive to insulin.
• Family history. Your risk increases if a parent or sibling has type 2 diabetes.
• Race. Although it’s unclear why, people of certain races — including blacks, Hispanics, American Indians and Asian-Americans — are at higher risk.
• Age. Your risk increases as you get older. This may be because you tend to exercise less, lose muscle mass and gain weight as you age. But type 2 diabetes is also increasing dramatically among children, adolescents and younger adults.
• Gestational diabetes. If you developed gestational diabetes when you were pregnant, your risk of developing prediabetes and type 2 diabetes later increases. If you gave birth to a baby weighing more than 9 pounds (4 kilograms), you’re also at risk of type 2 diabetes.
• Polycystic ovary syndrome. For women, having polycystic ovary syndrome — a common condition characterized by irregular menstrual periods, excess hair growth and obesity — increases the risk of diabetes.
• High blood pressure. Having blood pressure over 140/90 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) is linked to an increased risk of type 2 diabetes.
• Abnormal cholesterol and triglyceride levels. If you have low levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL), or “good,” cholesterol, your risk of type 2 diabetes is higher. Triglycerides are another type of fat carried in the blood. People with high levels of triglycerides have an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. Your doctor can let you know what your cholesterol and triglyceride levels are.
Treating Dyslexia smartly:
Primarily your kid should undergo a test for dyslexia. Then do as per instructions mentioned below:
• Teach phonics. This is a program that shows how letters are linked to sounds in order to form words. This will help the dyslexic individual that has a particularly hard time in reading aloud and spelling.
• Instruct the person with Dyslexia with a guided oral reading session. The person with the disorder will read aloud and be guided with corrections. Repetition is very important for the person to correct their mistakes. Continue to repeat the readings until they continue to get them right. Explain what was wrong and help them pronounce the words correctly.
• Determine the child’s weakness. For instance, if reading is their weakness then focus on more reading sessions with them. If writing is their weakness then stress more emphasis on helping with writing. By figuring out which one they are affected by the most will determine where they need treatment the most.
• Get a tutor. If you don’t feel as though the school is enough for the child then you can hire a tutor to help him/her to improve on their reading or writing skills at home or at another meeting place.
• Make everything as visual as possible. A dyslexic person tends to rely mostly on what they see despite that how they see things is the problem. The object is to treat their visual handicap by going over and over what their not seeing correctly such as reading or writing.